Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a treatment for psychological problems that seeks to address the thinking or behaviour patterns of a person with a mental health condition.
In the 1960s Dr. Aaron T. Beck founded a type of mental health counselling known as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
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They can get over any form of addiction by changing their mentality about it.
CBT is now an internationally accepted mode of treatment for addictions. Through CBT, the patients are shown how to connect their actions to their thoughts and feelings so they can be aware of how these factors are affecting their recovery.
Some addiction patients also have other issues concurrently occurring with the addiction problems like:
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
Various forms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
There are many rehab centres that provide CBT and you can find one near you today.
Many of the things we do or feel that harm us are not actually rational and CBT can help us to know this. Such feelings and behaviours may be caused by either environmental effect or experiences from the past.
Cognitive behavioural therapists work with patients to identify potentially thoughts that lead to self-destructive or unhealthy behaviours. A person's feelings play a very big part in the life of a person and their addiction. The abuse of drugs or alcohol is in many cases an attempt to get rid of these negative thoughts.
Being able to isolate these feelings and emotions and recognize what brings them on empowers the addicted person to fight the addiction.
It has also been noticed that making an attempt to visit the painful memories it becomes possible for recovering addicts to reduce the pain which is caused by them. The addicts then get a fresh opportunity to learn positive behaviours in order to replace their addiction for alcohol or drugs.
Dependency Treatment And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Whenever there is an addiction, there is usually another mental issue such as depression and anxiety disorders and these usually stem from automatic negative thoughts.
It means that automatic thoughts can make a person more likely to take drugs and drink alcohol.
Triggers - certain situations that provoke, i.e. "trigger", cravings for substance during the day - prevent many addicts from living a sober life. There are a couple of ways that these triggers can be prevented from causing relapse.
Alcoholism And Other Drugs Can Be Eliminated By Cbt Including
Helping them dismiss misconceived notions and insecurities that have possibly led to substance abuse.
Providing the tools needed for self-help to improve their moods.
Training the patient on how to express themselves better.
How To Manage Triggers
Learn to identify what makes you want to take drugs or drink.
Abstract oneself from trigger situations whenever it's possible.
Deal With Them (Cope)
The emotions and thoughts that lead to the abuse of substances can be elevated by using the techniques provided by CBT.
You don't have to be at the centres to try using the CBT techniques of overcoming addiction. Engaging with others can help you practice some of the things that you learn at CBT.
To encourage people to stay sober, various support groups such as SMART (Self-Management and Recovery Training) program also make use of CBT when creating their self-help exercises.
Techniques Applied In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
There are exercises peculiar to CBT-based treatment for addicted patients.
Examples of CBT techniques which are generally utilised in the treatment of addictions include the following:
Patients recovering from addiction review their automatic negative thoughts and search for solid evidence that proves and contradicts these thoughts.
The patients make a list of advantages and disadvantages of keeping or discarding the thoughts.
The aim is to help them think positive, productive thoughts.
Example: "My manager thinks I'm useless." I need to have a drink to feel better" turns into "It's ok to make mistakes, and I will learn from them. I will have a chance to prove my worth to my supervisor by rectifying my mistake. I can change without having to use alcohol."
By evaluating these thoughts, one gets to understand the better behaviours to follow.
Some patients better respond to self-kindness; others - to self-criticism.
Behavioural experiments help individuals figure out whether they are self-motivators or self-critics.
Example: " "If I talk kindly to myself after binge drinking, I'll binge drink less." vs "If I'm hard on myself after binge drinking, I'll binge drink less."
Imagery Based Exposure
Here, the patients are encouraged to remember something bad that happened before that causes them to feel terrible.
They capture their every emotion, sight, sound, impulse and thought they felt at that moment.
The anxiousness caused by certain negative experiences can be lessened by going over these experiences over and over.
Example: A young guy focuses on some painful experience from his childhood. He presently recalls every detail and emotion of the particular moment. The consistent exposure to his past begins to cause him less pain and reduces the requirement to self-medicate with the use of alcohol or drugs.
Pleasant Activity Plan
It is a technique that involves working out a list for the week to come, filling it with fun and healthy, activities; it helps a person break the monotony of everyday routine.
The tasks included should encourage positive emotions while being uncomplicated and easy to perform.
The need to use drugs or alcohol can be reduced with the help of these activities since they will help to curb the negative thoughts that tend to creep up automatically.
Example: In the place of drinking or indulging in drugs while working, a worn-out financial advisor unwinds at his desk for quarter an hour daily. They may choose to use that time to listen to some music or read on something interesting.
What Is The Difference Between Cbt Vs Other Kinds Of Psychotherapy
As compared to some therapies which do not offer a set of engaging activities, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy will provide an hands-on alternative.
The CBT sessions aren't simply about the therapist quietly listening while the patient goes on and on about their lives. Both the therapist and the patient are actively involved in the therapy session and work together.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is based on actions and faster recovery. Most 60 to 90 day rehab programs incorporate CBT to give individuals instant ways of coping.
It may takes years to see tangible results with most psychotherapy methods. In sharp contrast, CBT just requires 16 sessions before meaningful results can be seen.
Cognitive behavioural therapy techniques are also very flexible, which makes them well usable for treatment both in a clinic and on outpatient basis, and CBT can be applied both during individual counselling and in groups. Numerous therapists and addiction treatment centres are commonly including CBT along with the recovery plans which are offered by them.