Explaining Drug Addiction
Drug dependence is an unrelenting illness that presents in obsessive, or out of control drive to access the drug at any cost even when one is aware of the danger and long lasting harm effects on their brain. Some of those who use drugs develop some dangerous behaviours due to these alterations in the functioning of their brain. Addiction to drugs is a disease that can throw people into relapse too. Relapse is the reoccurrence to drug use after an endeavour to stop.
The way to drug dependence starts with the wilful act of using drugs. However, as time passes, an individual's ability to decide not to use drugs weakens. Looking for and taking the drugs gets to be distinctly compulsive. This is mainly because of the effects of long-term substance exposure on the functioning of the brain. The portion of the human brain that controls human behaviour, learning and memory, and reward and motivation are negatively influenced by addiction.
Drug dependency is an illness that alters both brain functions and actions.
Is Drug Addiction Treatable?
There is, but it is a long journey. It is not possible for people to overcome drug addiction simply by abstaining from drug use for some days, because drug addiction is chronic. Many of those under treatment need it over a long time or for the rest of their lives.
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The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include
- Stop taking drugs
- Remaining clean
- achieve more productivity in the society in general and in the family and workplace in particular
Values Of Successful Rehabilitation
Ongoing scientific research since the 1970s has shown that the following basic principles should be the basis of any effective course of treatment
- Dependence is a complex yet treatable sickness that influences brain capacity and behaviour.
- No cure-all treatment plan fits everybody.
- Treatment should be made available to people whenever they need it.
- Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
- It is crucial to remain in treatment for a long enough amount of time.
- The prevalently applied types of treatment include counselling and some other therapies that centre on behaviours.
- Medications are regularly an imperative component of treatment, particularly when consolidated with behavioural therapies.
- In order to accommodate the needs of the patient, treatment methods must be appraised with changes in the patient's needs.
- Some other associated mental problems must be taken care of by treatments.
- The cleansing administered by medical personnel is the beginning step of the journey.
- Involuntary treatment for addiction can also be effective.
- Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
- People who use drugs easily contact communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and others and as such, they should be tested so that their treatment can be taken into account during rehabilitation.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
Effective treatment comprises many steps
- medical detoxification, when the body physically rids itself of the drug
- behavioural counselling
- medication (for tobacco, opioid, or alcohol addiction)
- Making sure that coexisting mental health issues like depression or anxiety are evaluated and treated
- lifelong follow-up in an attempt to prevent relapsing
A scope of care with a custom-made treatment program and follow-up choices can be pivotal for achievement.
During the rehabilitation, both physical and psychological issues are treated. Post-rehab support could involve the peer or family group therapy.
How Drug Addiction Treatment Incorporates Medications?
Meds can be utilized to oversee withdrawal manifestations, anticipate backslide and treat comorbid conditions.
- Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Cleansing the body is not the same as treatment, it only the beginning of the journey. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. According to one study of treatment centres, medications were utilised in close to 80 per cent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Relapse Prevention A patient can make use of medication to assist in re-establishing normal brain function and reducing cravings. Medication is available for the treatment of tobacco (nicotine), alcohol and opioid (prescription pain relievers and heroin) dependency. Scientists are also currently developing additional medications to treat addiction to marijuana and stimulants, like cocaine and methamphetamines. A person who uses more than one substance, which is really typical, require treatment for every substance he/she uses.
How Drug Addiction Is Treated Using Behavioural Therapies
Behavioural treatments aid patients
- change his/her behaviour and attitude related to the substance use
- increase wholesome life skills
- Continue with varying forms of treatment like medication
A patient can get treatment in several different environments using different approaches.
Outpatient treatment is an option where a wide range of programs are available for patients who continue to visit behavioural health professionals regularly. The greater parts of the projects include individual or group drug advising, or both.
These programmes usually provide types of behavioural therapy like
- cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients recognize, avoid, and cope with the situations in which they are most likely to use drugs
- Multidimensional family therapy in which not just the patient but also his/her family is involved able to sort out a lot of things and help the whole family cope with the changes and heal together
- Motivational meeting, which capitalizes on individual's' status to change their conduct and enter treatment
- motivational incentives (contingency management), where abstinence from drugs is rewarded and motivated with positive reinforcements
sometimes, intensive treatments that involve several outpatient sessions every week is given at first. After the completion of the in-depth treatment, a patient moves to frequent outpatient treatment, which does not meet as regularly and for fewer hours every week to assist with maintaining his/her recovery.
For people with problems of high severity (plus co-occurring disorders), residential or inpatient programs will have better effects. A licensed inpatient treatment centre provides round-the-clock, structured and comprehensive care, that includes safe accommodation as well as medical attention. Inpatient treatment facilities can use many therapeutic approaches and are usually working toward assisting the patient after treatment to maintain a drug free, crime free lifestyle.
Residential treatment setting samples
- A therapeutic community that is a very structured programme in which a patient stays at a residence, usually for 6 months to a year. The whole group, including treatment staff and those in recuperation, approach as key specialists of progress, affecting the patient's states of mind, comprehension and practices related with drug utilisation.
- Shorter-term residential treatment, which ordinarily concentrates on detoxification and also giving early extensive counselling and readiness for treatment in a community based setting.
- Recovery housing that offers supervised, short-term accommodation for a patient, frequently after other kinds of inpatient/residential treatment. Recovery housing is a great way to help people treatment go back to having an independent life while still having support with things like managing finances, finding employment, and locating support services.
Challenges Of Re-Entering Society
Drug misuse changes the capacity of the mind and numerous things can "trigger" drug longings inside the brain. It's basic for those in treatment, particularly those treated at an inpatient centre or jail, to figure out how to identify, ignore and adapt to triggers they are probably going to be presented to after treatment.